LONDON HANOVER UNIVERSITY  

Online College of Zoological Studies         

  

 

Department of Animal Behavior

Anthrozoology - Canine Ethological Zoology - Canine Behavioral Science - Canine Developmental Science - Public Administration

COMPLETE COURSES LISTED BY NUMBER


 

All of the courses are available online.  The progressive instruction includes the usages of video, texts, expert handouts, articles, podcasts, and much more, for the student learning experience. The methods of instruction are dependent on the subject taught and the instructor preference but all of the courses are strongly developed for a highly successful education.


LEVEL 100

CANI 175       Canine Imprinting and Development for Sleeve Work

This course thoroughly educates the foundation processes of teaching a canine to utilize the mouth/eye coordination in efforts of proper targeting, gripping, and capturing the simulated prey.  It focuses on both puppies and young green animals, offering the tools, methodology, scheduling, and drive markers. Our scientists, teaching impressive techniques, have developed this course and changes that make the canine brain thoroughly grasp the training by targeting symbiosis and antibiosis.


CANI 176       Canine Imprinting and Development for Tracking

Tracking imprintation is an ancient concept and practice, which our scientists have structured to create a long-long term potentiation (LLTP) of tracking memory, primarily by concentration on the principles of dopamine release and reuptake, through a masterfully mapped out track training regimen and procedures. The student will be capable of demonstrating the full complement of procedures and methodology of the model.  


 CANI 177       Canine Imprinting and Development for Narcotics

Utilizing the same LLTP neurobiology methods as CANI 176, this class teaches students a multiple based methodology to formulate a very strong basis for canine imprintation of narcotic odorant gases.  The class centers the training for both primary alerts (aggressive and passive), instructing both methods and techniques of modifying alerts and to form to the individual canine’s memory change and behavioral perspective.


CANI 178       Canine Imprinting and Development for Explosives 

Similar to CANI 177, the explosives imprintation and development course targets the methodology of memory pathways, as changes occur within the canine’s perspectives of both visual stimulation, olfactory triggers, and amygdalae processes; all coming together, carefully orchestrated by the trainer, focusing on the passive alert balance and lock and hold as a physical response.


CANI 179       Biological Classification of Canidae

This course investigates the Canidae species (dog family) in total. Canidae is the biological family of carnivorans: dogs, wolves, foxes, jackals, and coyotes.  The course teaches the species class differences, elementary genetics, and the species migration history.


CANI 180       Introduction to Zoology

Introduction to zoology is an entry-level course for all zoological sciences.  It covers the structure, embryology, evolution, classification and habits of animals.  The course covers the worldly distribution of all animals, both extinct and living.


CANI 192       Ethology I

Ethology I is the entry level for ethological studies (animal behavior in the natural environment).  The course concentrates on variable species, primarily those species that are most present in anthrozoological actions, the behavior of those species, as it occurs naturally and in the natural environment.  The student is urged to concentrate on the relation of the species behavior within the natural environment, in contrast and comparison to the human environment, laboratory, or study field. The course exposes students to the pioneers of the fields (per species) and the changes that are occurring today.


ANTH 193      Introduction to Anthrozoology: Human Animal Studies (HAS)

A quickly growing field of zoology, Anthropology is a study of human and animal relationship and behavior.  The course first concentrates on a cross-topic focus of human, primate, and Canidae behavior as an independent examination of cultural aspects and individuality of animals. The course follows with a human-animal aspect of behavior change and development due to the human animal relationships.


CANI 196       Dog Shows and Competition Survey

This course is a survey of competitive canine events. The program covers structured competitions for: sport and working dogs, conformation, and agility.  The course surveys competition groups.  The course also encourages the student to investigate the anthrozoological and evolutionary effects of the competitions.


CANI 197       Classical Conditioning Behavior

Classical behavior has been a basis for animal understanding, including much of human behavior, for a century. Conditioned stimulus and unconditioned response habituation is a foundation for animal actions.  This class explores those concepts in depth.  This class is very helpful for students planning to take ethology or animal cognition. 


CANI 199       Canine Anatomy and Physiology

This is veterinary course structured for canine trainers and those who are planning to study canine Neuroanatomy, ethology, or animal science.  London school of veterinary medicine staff teaches this course.


LEVEL 200


CANI 200       Basic Canine Obedience Training

This program covers the fundamental aspects and movements of instruction and methodology for teaching a canine the leader-follower components of behavior. It focuses on obedience training as a task oriented training but furthers the training into relationship concepts for daily actions.


ANTH 202      Human Interaction with Captive Animals

This program introduces the student to the history, anthrozoological encouragement, dangers, conservation, and downfall of the captive zoo.  The course also covers the fields of captive animals, utilized for species improvement: natural falconry and hawking with release, conservation captivity, rehabilitation facilities, and the relationships involved in the human interaction with those captive species.


CANI 203       Agility Training

This class provides the necessary education and practical operations of instructing and performing canine agility. The course involves: safety, course construction, motivation and action, canine muscle usage and warm-up cool-down, online and offline procedures, training, competition, and real life encounters for a canine.


ANTH 204      Human Relationships with Animals

This course builds upon ANTH 193 with the introduction of behavioral communication between human and animal in both the natural environment, as well as, the interactive human environment.  The course focuses concentration upon the human methods of transitioning animals into the human environment.  The course focuses much of the discussion on human/canine relationship.


CANI 205       Basic Kennel Management

Kennel management focuses on the operation and safety measures of a kennel for live dogs.  The course covers structure, medical, logistics, feeding, disease control, and security systems.


CANI 206       Basic Canine Medical Management

Basic medical management is an introductory course for students of all canine relationships and areas.  The program teaches students the inception of vaccinations, nutrition fundamentals, welfare, required grooming, and emergency techniques regarding bloat and torsion, pancreatitis, basic injuries, and dental issues. 


ANTH 208      Utilizing Canines for Conservation I

This course explores the exciting and challenging field of conservation as it is assisted by the natural capabilities of our canine partners. The course covers the usage of canines for specific SCAT detection for biology, species detection, and worldwide assistance for illegal animal transport, bush meat, ivory, and more.  The course will help the student map a plan for training and handling for this field.


CANI, ANTH, 212       Human Relations with Canids 

This course is the basis of both Anthrozoology and ethology. It combines both educational fields into a comprehensive structure to educated students of any specialty with the knowledge of methods of balancing the behavior needs and expectations for human and canine relations. This course is very complementary with all training courses and behavior modification courses.


CANI 213       Fundamental Working Dog Development

This is a course centered on the fundamentals and practices of elementary and medial development of canines for usage of services: law enforcement, therapy, assistance, etc. The course is based heavily on behaviorism and neuroscience of learning, limbic and autonomic nervous system. A strong support of dual texts and video supplementation offers the student the visual guides to the theory with a focus on troubleshooting. The knowledge of Canid pack theory is helpful but not required.


CANI 214       Olfactory System Neurobiology

This course is a neurobiology formation class that instructs the biological science behind a canine’s capability to detect scent. The course is not elementary.  It is a functional anatomy class with a biology overview and includes airflow dynamics and laminar flow principals. The student will learn the precise method which a canine processes an odor from gas to odor sensory neuron with a strong focus on organic detection neurons.


CANI 215       Introduction to Canine Auditory System 

This course introduces the students to the physiology and neurobiology of the canine auditory system.  Microsmatic species have highly developed auditory pathways, as genetically reciprocal to the olfactory pathways.  This course allows the student to explore and understand the hearing capability, as relating to the species and survival. 


CANI 216       Reading and Managing Canine Aggression 

This class is designed to teach the visual and auditory cues the human can recognize, both readily and subtly, that are perceived as warnings of canine behavior for anger, frustration, fear, and injury. The class defines each behavior and offers potential causes and appropriate human reaction to offset the behavior. This class is not a – how to stop a dog from being aggressive – program. It is designed for the trainer who deals with dogs regularly and wants to become keen in reading the signs of aggression and methodology of managing it.


CANI 217       Canine First Aid and Medical Trauma Preparedness

This class is accompanied by a first rate veterinary manual, designed specifically for working dog teams and trainers in the aspects of dealing with situations of acute medical need. The class is designed as a survey of treatment, utilizing the manual as the basis for the survey.


CANI 218       Animal Cognition

Students interested in ethology and the behavior of animals, canine in particular will find animal cognition a valuable course for both elementary and advanced topics. Animal cognition takes the study of animal behavior and systematically infuses the biology actions, which control and create the behavior.  This course is a prerequisite for canine neuroscience.

 

ANTH 219       Paleoanthrozoology: Domestication of Species

This course reviews the evolutionary zoology of Canidae and leads the student into the domestication history and continued evolution of the domestic dog (canis familiaris). Both pet and working canines are covered in the class, as they related to the human world and the value of family replacement to the pack species.

 

CANI 220       Principles of Canine Narcotics Detection

This course is an A and B segmented curriculum. Course A is centered on the primary, theoretical fundamentals of law enforcement - narcotics K9 training science and practices.  The curriculum utilizes a two-text development and video instruction, for student understanding and competence, in both recognition of methods and applicable sciences. The course utilizes mammalian behaviorism techniques and chemistry of narcotic gas expression. Course B is a lab practical involving the development of a canine for the purpose of detection of narcotics. Both segments are 7-week courses. Courses may be taken individually, simultaneous, or in sequence.


CANI 221       Canine Intermediate Development for Sleeve Work

This course builds upon the techniques, strategies, and methodology of CANI 175.  This course develops the equipment process changes and the concept of prey and defensive drive markers utilized for timing changes and long term memory for the canine. The course teaches the student the specific training options for developing the canine grip and coordination at a higher level: independent, autonomic response. The course also introduces the student to the nociceptive stimulus concepts and the methods for avoiding and repairing the long-term memory of those nociceptive actions.


CANI 222       Canine Intermediate Development for Tracking

This course builds upon CANI 176.  The class focuses upon the speed changes, visual stimulus usages, and environmental manipulation, designing them for the steady increase of the canine long-term memory pathways. It covers changes, as they connect the visual and olfactory pathways to the tracking memory, allowing the handler to gauge the muscle response, based upon the methodology as it fits the canine behavior.


CANI 223       Canine Intermediate Development for Narcotics

This course builds upon CANI 177.  This course introduces the student to the concepts of environmental memory, as it relates to odor detection and alerting.  The course covers exterior vehicle introduction, building exposures, and the institution of search patterns and air movement changes, regarding the location of the odorant.  The course focuses strongly on the methods used to prevent future location and alert issues.


CANI 224       Canine Intermediate Development for Explosives

This course builds upon CANI 178.  The course focuses on the cache of required odors; introducing each one to the canine in a carefully planned odor-match sequence. The introduction to vehicle searches and building exposure is also a core of the class.  Students will learn the techniques of increasing a quicker search response, alert, and conformation hold.


LAW 225        Canine Law

This course is the one legal class for all canine students who are law enforcement, trainers, business owners, or who have working breeds. The class is taught by the London Hanover School of Law and is specifically designed to cover the tract for the nation, region, and state where the student is operating or plans to operate.  The course covers all legal aspects of canine law: residential, public, liability, insurance, narcotic, criminal apprehension, search and rescue, national security, military theatre, medical liability, and more. This class also teaches canine compensation laws for handlers, as they relate to the nation of residency.


ANTH 227      Anthrozoology I

This class builds upon ANTH 193. This class uses human behavior as a platform for measuring and comparing the animal behavior aspects of everyday life.  The student reviews the evolutionary timetable of primates and canines, while utilizing the platform to next offer a model for the ideal relationship scenario between the species and furthering that comparison by instituting a plan of action in carrying the relationship over to a working partnership.


ANTH 228      Primatology Hominidae I    

Primatology is the study of primates.  Hominidae is the family of primates, which includes: humans, gorillas, chimpanzees, orangutans, and bonobos. 

This course is an entry-level course covering the evolution, migratory history, behavior, Anthrozoological, and ethological events surrounding Hominidae, other than human. The course removes humans and concentrates on primarily on the ape: gorilla, chimpanzee, and orangutans. The student learns the species characteristics, behaviors, and migratory locations for each animal.  The student investigates the intra-relationships, as well as the relationships outside of the species. 


CANI 229       Wolves (canis lupus) and Behavior

An amazing course for all students of canine based sciences and zoology.  The course provides a brief, evolutionary track of the wolf, followed by a migration distribution mapping.  The primary objective of the course is to teach students the behavioral aspects of the wolf, as compared with the canis familiaris (domestic dog).  The student also conducts a hybrid behavioral investigation. 


CANI 230       Evolution of Domestic Canines (Canis lupus familiaris)

This class is a must for any student of zoology and canine behavior. It is a species mapping and history lesson in one.  The course presents the student with the evolutionary road, which the course follows carefully, ending with the domestic canine (canis lupus familiaris). The course also investigates the evolutionary canine changes that are occurring today.


ANTH 231      Human Interaction with Captive Animals

This program introduces the student to the history, anthrozoological encouragement, dangers, conservation, and downfall of the captive zoo.  The course also covers the fields of captive animals, utilized for species improvement: natural falconry and hawking with release, conservation captivity, rehabilitation facilities, and the relationships involved in the human interaction with those captive species.


CANI 232       Canids: Canini and Vulpini

This course focuses on the zoology and similar behavioral aspects of the dog-family cousins: Canini (lupus and familiaris) and Vulpini (foxes) as comparison and contrasts of species.


ANTH 233      Human Interaction with Captive Animals

This program introduces the student to the history, anthrozoological encouragement, dangers, conservation, and downfall of the captive zoo.  The course also covers the fields of captive animals, utilized for species improvement: natural falconry and hawking with release, conservation captivity, rehabilitation facilities, and the relationships involved in the human interaction with those captive species.


CANI 234       Canine Development for Human Remains Detection I

This course covers the basic and intermediate aspects of human remains detection. The course introduces the human decomposition stages and the introduction methods for the canine to the odorants involved in those stages.  The student is exposed to the aspects of alert development and canine instruction for search strategies.


CANI 243       Recording Methods for Canine Mapping

This is course is based on scientific method recording.  The class teaches the student the scientific method for research documentation and applies it to the recording methods for canine training. The method assures that training is recorded in a format that far exceeds legal standards and accepted as science standards.  This course will replace all generic record software and forms, creating instead a truly scientific method, to match the science of canine training.


CANI 247       Canine Tracking Methodology I

This course is an A and B segmented curriculum. Course A is focused on the theoretical and biological sciences of training a canine for tracking human scent.  Course B targets the lab operations of training and developing a canine for the purpose of tracking human scent. The CANI 247 curriculum utilizes human biology, biochemistry and environmental chemistry concepts, along with behaviorism controlled-stimulus/controlled-extinction. Students are educated in both the training practices of canine tracking, as well as, the practical purpose of working a tracking canine for the purpose of locating human scent.


CANI 249       Canine Narcotic Detection I

This course is designed to teach the student the techniques and methods of completing the narcotic training for the dog that has been imprinted.  The course instructs the student how to conduct training advancement, problem solving, as well as, live search techniques for increased operative success.


CANI 253       Intermediate Protection and Apprehension Methods

This course instructs the student in the methods of shifting a properly imprinted canine to levels of multiple decoy operations and frequent drive flips.  The student will understand the techniques for transitioning to new equipment, introducing multiple engagement areas, and reading transition behavior of drives.


CANI 255       Canine Tracking Methodology II

This course builds upon Canine Tracking Methodology I.  This course instructs the student in the primary method styles of tracking, involving both speed tracking, as well as, methodical slow tracking techniques.  The course, teaches an introduction to road crossings and hard surface tracking.  Students learn the precise methods and uses for increasing distances, time, and canine focus.  The course places a strong teaching focus on the value methods of training and reward concepts.


CANI 256       Bloodhound Training

This course is designed to specifically map and instruct on the biological truths of the Bloodhound breed, the tracking ability, and training of the breed.  The course teaches students the myths of the Bloodhound and balances it with the strengths of the breed.  Students learn the methods of developing the tracking response per the memory and value of the canine; in addition, the course formulates the training necessity with the careful planning and techniques for tracking.


CANI 266       Accelerant Detection:  Canine Option I

This course covers the fundamental considerations for training and handling a canine for accelerant detection.  The course covers the required odors, concentration methods, alert training, search methods, and basic handling techniques.


CANI 268       African Canids

This class explores the intriguing dogs of Africa.  The course covers the species migration, habitat and human relationships.  

CANI 271       Liability Reduction and Theory

This course is both a concentrated learning of the liability issues of both operations, specific programs and agencies, as well as, a self-testing program of liability awareness.  The course utilizes a highly developed insurance institute format for calculating specific liability loss risks and risk management.


CANI 274       Canine Explosives Detection Methodology I

This class teaches the student the basic fundamentals of explosives detection, training, and basic problem solving skills. The student will be capable of understanding the concepts of handling a passive alert canine, working explosives scent, types of search styles required for proper detection, equipment, common explosives identification, general canine behavior, safety, and legal aspects.


CANI 277       Search and Rescue Methodology and Practices

This course is designed for students who are seeking navigation, mountaineering, and essential required education for testing capability and operational certification for search and rescue.  The course is not designed as a canine class but rather a human qualification and operation technique. However, canine operations are integrated into the course as applicable. Students completing the class are typically well prepared for qualification practical.


CANI 278       Canine Search and Rescue Training I

This course is often taken along with CANI 277.  This course is a canine-based training.  The course teaches the methods of scouting, air scenting on command, find/re-find, distance finds, off and on lead searches, and the training techniques to develop all of the listed topics. 


CANI 283       Fundamental Canine Neurobiology

This science course is a prerequisite for behavioral neurobiology I.  This course teaches the student the basic neurobiology systems: sensory to memory to muscle reaction pathways.  The course focuses strongly focuses on the areas of the brain responsible for fear and aggression, memory, and autonomic nervous reactions.


CANI 284       Canine Utilization for Patrol Building Searches I

This course teaches the student the methods and strategies for training a canine for human scent detection, location sourcing, indication, and recovery apprehension for criminal apprehension inside building structures.  The course teaches safety, liability, and handling methodology for the human: and search training methods, drive control, decoy response, and alert training for the canine.


CANI 286       Problem Solving Strategy for Public Canine Trainers

This program instructs the student in the primary 20, problem solving, behavioral issues, that plague the general public and their canine pets. The student learns the behavioral aspects of the problems, techniques for modification, and the changes of the human side of the equation.


CANI 289       Canine Emergency Medicine: Field Techniques

The London Hanover University veterinary medical instructors instruct this course.  It teaches the emergency skills and life saving procedures for canines serving in the field.  The course covers trauma, emergency surgical processes, as well as general medical procedures, The program covers equipment and techniques; including modification from the environment.  


CANI 292       Ethology II

This course follows Ethology I.  This class covers the animal behavior of Hominidae and Canidae.  Unlike Hominidae Primatology, this course focuses the student to the specific behaviors of each animal in a three directional view: reading the behavior, reacting to the behavior, and how the animal modifies it’s own behavior through learned outcome or intraspecies behavioral modification.


CANI 293       Motivators: Aggression, Fear, Submission, and Dominance

This Ethology course concentrates on the individual motivators behind the behavioral aspects of canine life.  The course carefully leads the student through the explorations of the behavioral neurobiology and ethological aspects of each behavior, while allowing large exploration opportunity to demons rate the value of each behavior towards the animal survival, as well, as benefit of power.


CANI 294       Training Strategies for Professional Trainers

This course is designed for all trainers: public, private, sport, working.  The course instructs the student in the four master levels of training: four strategies for approaching, developing, modifying, and educating others in canine behavior


LEVEL 300


ANTH 300      Anthrozoology II

This course builds upon Anthrozoology I.  The student further reviews the concepts of relationship between primates and canines from a human relationship perspective.  The student builds firmly upon the working relationship and partnership by learning the design structures of training methods for canine and human, as well as the bonding measures between shared species.  A special focus is emphasized on the protectiveness and dependency between human and canine, as is discovered between same species partners.


CANI 301       Canine Advanced Development for Suit Work

This course instructs students in the fundamental and advanced techniques for teaching a canine to utilize drive and aggression for a bite suit.  The class focuses on safety of the decoy and canine, types of equipment, purpose and usages for the training, as well as, decoy methods and environments.  The course breaks down the procedures of training for adjustment and transfer of the different positions on the suit.


CANI 302       Canine Advanced Development for Tracking

This course follows Canine Tracking Methodology II. Students will learn the advanced techniques of urban tracking starts, multiple scent tracks, split tracks, backtracks, on and off track evidentiary design and detection, as well as, specific processing techniques of different styles and approaches, i.e., ABC, Stoplight, multistage, clock system, stages of rest, etc.


CANI 303       Canine Advanced Development for Narcotics

This class follows Canine Intermediate Development for Narcotics.  Instruction includes: training the canine for high searches, introducing newer narcotic odors, warehouse detection, dog distractions, food proofing, and re-searches, following delays:  The course places emphasis on the habituation of canine training: causes and effects of that training and methods to offset complacency.


CANI 304       Canine Advanced Development for Explosives

This class follows the Canine Intermediate Development for Explosives.  This class teaches the student how to advanced the canine training to facilitate and master public transportation, multivariable levels, aircraft, airports and gate checks, human scent scans and problems associate with human scent offset.  The course focuses on problem solving advanced situations: live searches, alert failures, agility, and distractions. The program also instructs point-to-point methodology.


ANTH 305      Primatology Hominidae II

A powerfully energetic, fun, and highly educational program; this course instructs the students on the means of research for observation the Gorilla, Chimpanzee, and Orangutan in their natural habitats.  The course focuses on two aspects:  Hominidae intra-species relationships and Hominidae observation.  The course has two primary observation constants:  observing non-human Hominidae and observing Human Hominidae.    


CANI 306       How to Problem Solve Canine Aggression

This course follows the Reading and Managing Canine Aggression Course. But may be taken independently.  The course substantially covers multiple aggression signals and instructs the student to the most plausible methods and techniques for modification of that aggression.


CANI 307       Advanced Rural Tracking Methods

In order to assure success, this class requires a prerequisite of Tracking I. 

This program is designed to teach the trainer how to utilize specific techniques in efforts of working all rural environments, increasing the canine dedication to the scent, scent discrimination, and processing lost scent.  The class covers training techniques for rural advance, scheduling and planning, handler and decoy tracks, distance increase techniques, terrain changing, and distraction


CANI 308       Canine Criminal Apprehension

This course teaches the fundamental and medial methods of training and utilizing a canine for bite apprehension.  The program covers the equipment usages; training methods, drive selections, decoy training, and safety. This class utilizes multiple media guides to offer multiple views of concepts.


CANI 309       Advanced Urban Tracking

This course focuses on the training for scent detection, processing methodology, and restarts for all urban environments.  The course concentrates on surfaces, buildings, distractions, and residential areas: particular focus is made on the encounter with human distraction for both the handler and canine.


CANI 310       Advanced Tracking: asphalt; road crossings and parking lots

In order to have full success, this class requires the prerequisite Tracking I. This class builds upon the tracking structure of fundamental tracking. It takes the principals of fundamental tracking and manipulates the structure, training plan, and reward structure into a successful capability of training asphalt. The class covers scent behavior on hard surfaces, track laying, speed, approach, In order to assure success, this class requires a prerequisite of Tracking I. 

This program is designed to teach the trainer how to utilize specific techniques in efforts of working all rural environments, increasing the canine dedication to the scent, scent discrimination, and processing lost scent.  The class covers training techniques for rural advance, scheduling and planning, handler and decoy tracks, distance increase techniques, terrain changing, and distraction and canine handling techniques. 


CANI 311       Biology of Human Decomposition

This biology course allows the student to carefully follow the biological events, cellular to macro, of the breakdown and decomposition of human body components. The course considers two views: internal, biological events and external gas expression.


CANI 312       Canine Narcotic Detection II 

This course follows Canine Training Detection I.  The course teaches the handler the specific strategies for interior vehicle searches, as well as introducing the concepts of interdiction and probable cause alert.  The student understands the advancement techniques for building searches and another level of drive reward and alert building.


CANI 313       Canine Development for Human Remains Detection II

This course follows Canine Development for Human Remains Detection I.  The student will learn the advanced techniques of HRD: understanding the methods for live searches, advancing the search capabilities of the canine, depth increases, as well as, age considerations of odorant sample.  The course places an emphasis on water searches and boat operations, working with dive teams, and scent recovery.


CANI 314       Human Scent and Biology of Stress

This is a biology course based upon both the endocrine system and volatile organic compounds: The class investigates the organs and biological components that render what another animal regards as a scent.  The class teaches the student both the sources of scent and the gas exponent of that scent, as well as, the emission of the gas or liquid from the body.


CANI 315       Advanced Canine Obedience Training

Advanced obedience is a course designed to teach trainers the techniques and methods of creating a training plan for canine ability advancement. Unlike basic obedience, advanced obedience relies on a strong focus of communication and off lead, relationship communication: hand signals, body language, etc.


CANI 316       Accelerant Detection: Canine Option II

This course follows Accelerant Detection I.  The course develops the alert to a further capability for live training scenarios.  Exposure to charred sources is integrated. Search methodology is advanced and fire scene safety is incorporated.  The course also concentrates on problem solving and laboratory confirmation.


CANI 317       Environmental Biology of Scent and Sourcing 

This science course instructs the science of scent from an environmental aspect. It teaches the specifics of what scent’s are, where they come from, and how the science of nature affects them.  The course carefully maps the components of scent and the physical chemistry, wave dynamics, thermo physics, and biology, to layer a picture of scent and it’s behavior under specific circumstances.


CANI 318       Olfactory System II 

This class follows Canine Olfactory Neurobiology.  This course teaches the olfactory neurobiology process from the review of the nasal and odorant sensory neuron to the olfactory bulb:  The course teaches the olfactory neurotransmission as it prepares to regulate biological responses and carries out the process through specific pathways, canvasing many neurological nuclei.  The student will learn the resolution of neurological olfactory stimulation throughout the brain and behavioral memory.


CANI 329       Gas Laws and Scent Behavior

This science course explains the physical laws that regulate how gasses react under specified conditions. The course uses chemistry, biology and physics to teach the calculations and natural recognition of the behavior.  The molecular weights and distribution conversion rates are also instructed.


CANI 336       Canine Explosives Methodology II

This class is suited for students who have completed canine explosives

Methodology I. Methodology II is designed to educate students in multiple areas of detection: explosives detection problem solving, logistical search patterns and methods, introduction to explosives chemical gas expression, and speed adjustment methods.  The student will be capable of formulating training plans for problem solving of most areas of explosives detection, be capable of mapping a precise search method of buildings and structures utilizing maps and blueprints, understand the concepts of explosives gas behavior and where to best position a dog for detection, and how to modify and adjust team speed during an explosives search. The student will also be capable of having the canine produce a clear point to point off lead search.


CANI 339       Canine Search and Rescue Training II

This course follows canine search and rescue training I.  The course instructs students in the technical aspects of scent, as it relates to the swells and declines of human victim emotion.  The course also teaches the advanced techniques of problem solving for search and rescue topics, including: refusal on re-find, crittering, distractions, and canine time procedures for environments. This course is highly recommended for any international students seeking to achieve an American Society of Canine Trainers SAR IV certification.

   

CANI 340       Canine Unit Survival for Armed Encounters

This course teaches the tactics for handling a working canine under stressful conditions of criminal apprehension. The course teaches the student the safety measures while tracking or operating, in building environments, and urban settings to read canine actions for signals of danger.  The course teaches various techniques and acronyms assigned to stay safe and alive.


CANI 344       Disaster Recovery: Canine Options

This course instructs students in the training and handling methods for disaster recovery; rubble searches, structure collapses, ground collapses, etc.  The course focuses on off lead directional fundamentals and training, communication, bark alerts, scent detection positions, scent behaviors of the environment, distractions, and safety.  This course stays true to the requirements of the national search and rescue disaster K9 testing standards for both the United States and the United Kingdom.


CANI 347       Research Methods I

This course is an introductory to research.  The class introduces the student to the basics of research method, style writing, classification of research and research variables.


CANI 348       Undergraduate Research Paper

This class is a research exploration.  The course is designed to allow the student the opportunity to become familiar and well versed in discovering, investigation, and utilizing resources for further research. The course instructs the strong fundamentals of citing, and the rules involved in avoiding plagiarizing. Techniques of plagiarizing checks are taught.  The student has the opportunity to investigate and gather research documents to support an idea, and report on those findings, while maintaining the correct style and authorship standards.


CANI 350       Methods of Field Instruction

This course teaches students the expert methodology of teaching others, while in a direct field of operation, as opposed to a classroom setting.  The topics include: comfort and focus, methods of student comprehension while under stress or distraction, and techniques of checking and assuring comprehension.


CANI 351       Classroom Management

This course teaches students the instructional principles of maintain an operative, educationally active, classroom. The course specifically teaches learner involved instruction, student discovery tactics, time schedules for teaching, comprehension facts, and strategies of technology usage.


CANI 357       Advanced Decoy Development Techniques

This class teaches the student techniques of decoy involvement in canine bite training.  The course clearly displays and breaks down the physical and mental aspects of advanced decoy training.  The course covers: multi dog operation, equipment slides, utilization of environment for increased stability of training, realistic scenarios, gunfire operations for decoys, etc.


CANI 363       Canine Problem Solving I

The course covers a multi areas focus of police K9 training problem solving situations.  The program offers solid assistance techniques and operations usages for modifying and retraining a canine for troublesome situations.  The course offers a broad spectrum of topics, all carefully explained and demonstrated.


CANI 366       Assistance Canine Development I

This course teaches the fundamental selection process, imprintation, and development of dogs for assistance of humans with disabilities or special needs. An exciting field for trainers, assistance training is often elusive for techniques and information.  This course offers techniques across the multiple fields, surveys the needs and generalization of those fields, and presents training strategies and plans.


CANI 367       Patrol Tactics

This class presents the student with the necessary education of training a canine and implementing handling styles in the area of patrol.  The class focuses on officer safety and survival, approaches, crown control, officer protection, bail out equipment, window exits, felony stop canine function and actions, building search approaches, search advancement, weapon apprehension, multiple suspect apprehensions, etc. The student learns the techniques as trainer and handler, as well as teaching styles of the topics.


CANI 385       Narcotic Interdiction: Night Operations

This course focuses the students education on conducting narcotic detection searches, both vehicle and houses, under dark conditions that may present: no lighting, limited lighting, or full artificial lighting.  The focus on canine performance under environmental stress is a major topic of the course, as is the handler motion and control.


CANI 386       Rural and Urban Tracking: Night Operations

This course stands alone or is often taken along with Canine Unit Survival for Armed Encounters.  This class explores the safety practices for both night tracking, as well as, urban tracking.  A strong emphasis on safety of canine and handler is present.  The course strongly covers the precise techniques for training and handling the canine under situations of darkness, urban, distractions, and safety stress on both the canine and the handler. The methodology breaks down a selective method for the environmental conditions that are present.


CANI 390       Highway Interdiction: Canine Tractor-Trailer Operations

This course educates the student on the training techniques, handling styles and search methodology of narcotic (or explosives) detection in the environment of highway stress and specifically for large motor carrier, tractor-trailer vehicles.


CANI 391       Interstate Narcotic Interdiction

This course teaches the student the methods and tools for training a canine for narcotic trafficking detection per interstate and highway interdiction means.  The course instructs trainers and handler in the proper techniques for training the canine alerts and reward consequences.  Topic include:  Alert builds, interdiction time gas exigency, narcotic time decay and gas behavior, cash seizures for narcotic odor detection, door handle vs. seams, approach and strategy for partnership sweeps, court testimony attacks.


CANI 392       Advanced Ethology

This course follows Ethology II.  In this course, the focus is on human and canine, specifically.  The student will learn the association of value and reward, as applied to the emotional behavior of both species and the working relationship gained from the experience of value.  Topics include: bonding, control, dominance, and partnership of actions, self-reliance and dependent-reliance, methods of alternating positions of control.


LEVEL 400


ANTH 400      Anthrozoology III

This course builds upon Anthrozoology II.  The student will gain field experience and scientific method reporting on the interaction between human and canine, as well as a specified, second species and canine.  The class investigates the separation and sorrowful emotions that are present when cross species partners are separated by both limited time and permanent death.  The course also explores the long-term memory of human-canine partners, following separation. Students investigate the concepts of forgiveness and grudge between species.


CANI 402       Tactical Canine Training

This course follows the Patrol Tactics course.  Teaching the very specific training methods, problem solving, and handler/team integration for canine usages in tactical (SWAT, SPECOps) situations; the class guides the student through the imprintation and conversion of patrol to the technical search and precise control of armed suspect, tactical environments.


CANI 403       Technical Tracking

This class institutes the technical aspects of environment, scent, and weather into the equation of tracking.  The course teaches trainers how the effect of the topics affects the training and success of tracking scent and availability of a canine.  Topics include: Vegetation, wind, moisture, temperature, slopes and angles of environment, pavement.  Chemistry principles taught are: Entropy, Fluid Mechanics, Surface Tension, Capillary action, Gas laws and Rheology.


CANI 404       Behavioral Neurobiology I

This course follows the fundamental neurobiology course and is the prerequisite to Behavioral Neurobiology II. The program instructs the student in the basic function on the cellular levels of synaptic function, receptors, and neurotransmitters.  The course teaches an advanced level of autonomic nervous system reactions: parasympathetic and sympathetic systems.  The olfactory to sensory behavioral load is also covered in depth.


CANI 408       Business Development for Canine Operations

The London Hanover School of Business instructs this course.  This course covers the basis of developing and establishing a business for the operation of canine training.  The course is designed to fit with the location of the student (sate, nation, etc.).  Topics include: reliance and attitude, legal establishment, liability and insurance, loans, advertising, tax, employee compensation, and reputation.


CANI 409       Behavioral Endocrinology I

This course instructs students on the behavioral function of the endocrine system of both the human and the canine.  The course offers a clear insight into the biological events that transpire during the primary functionality of life: rest and stress.

 The course explores the functions of the endocrine system, triggers and modulators, affect on the motor cortex, effect on the limbic system, effect on memory.


CANI 412       Mentorship Leadership

This class is a carefully orchestrated, self-assessment, structured to encourage the student to explore within, gaining a clear insight into the personal leadership failures and successes of the student’s own experiences.  The class text is utilized to prompt examples from both outside and inside the student’s experience.


CANI 417       Technical Narcotic

This course teaches the technical aspects of narcotic odorants.  The course breaks down the organic chemistry of narcotics, establishing the specific odorant composition, as well as, the multi chemical basis for the final resultant odor.  Following, the course teaches the individual behaviors of the states odorant components and the over all achievement of the gas behavior. Gas behavior for environment, vehicle, and building are all discussed at length.


CANI 420       Research Methods II

This course instructs the student on the models for research, mapping, investigation, qualitative, quantitative, and mixed method research. The course is usually followed, directly with the undergraduate research document.


CANI 425       Assistance Canine Development II

This course follows Assistance Canine Development I.  The program teaches students the specific methodology of training canines for individual fields of assistance.  Whereas the level I course branched the survey, this course narrows the field to the most common needs, instructs the principles, and teaches the student the necessities of training the owner.


CANI 442       Canine Problem Solving II

This course follows Canine problem solving I.  This class builds upon the level I course by both increasing the level of difficulty of the problem, narrowing the focus to primary functions: tracking, apprehension, odor detection, alerts, handler aggression, etc. The course introduces multi option problem reducers, offering several resources and options for each particular problem, in efforts to successfully change the trouble spot without creating another problem area.


CANI 456       Advanced Explosives Methods

The advanced explosives methods class is designed for students who have completed canine explosives methodology II.  This class educates the student in utilizing the canine in high-risk environments and concentration searches on public transportation, rail systems, and power grids.  The class focuses on the detection K9 team’s capability of working with other teams and detection equipment. The student will be capable of demonstrating off lead searches from distances, mapping buildings and structures for proper search strategy without assistance of blue prints, demonstrating the proper search of multiple aircraft, and understand the methods of training to reach these goals.



CANI 470       Canine Internship

Students may credit up to 6 credit hours for internship experience.  The university and the department must approve the internship.  Internship specifics have variable options but all require 7-week minimums per 3 credit hours.


CANI 473       Undergraduate Research Project

This course is a 7-week student research proposal, investigation, and conclusion which climaxes with the original research being produced and subsequently published.  Many students take this class as a two part series, providing three weeks of preparation, research and proposal, with a break in between for collection and evaluation of research, followed by the final weeks of class utilized for drafts and final document presentation.  Students are allowed breaks within the class per instructor approval.  Student must complete the document with a total time span of 14 weeks.


CANI 476       Court Testimony

This course is instructed by London Hanover School of Law.  The course covers the preparation, investigation of facts, recording documentation, curriculum vitae (CV), meetings, and final testimony for trainers and handlers of canine professions.


CANI 481       Canine Problem Solving III

This class follows canine problem solving II.  In this course, the student will learn the techniques of solving problems in canine training from the perspective of an observer.  The course is designed to assist the student with learning the methods and instruction for problem solving a situation by instructing the handler to carryout the function, as opposed to the trainer having to handle the canine.  The class focuses not only on the techniques for the problem solving method but also the specific needs of blending the handler and canine together to assure success. The class offers a concentration on the trainer recognizing the handler involvement in the problem creations and subsequently the success.


LEVEL 500


CANI 500       Advanced Topics in Canine Problem Solving

This course follows Canine Problem Solving III. This course is an encyclopedic concentration on significant canine behavior problems.  The student is reviewed in the fundamental and intermediate levels of problem solving, followed by instructed teachings for combined methods, reflected problem solving avoidance, and how to instruct others in the behavior modification.


CANI 501       Cellular Olfactory Neurochemistry

This graduate class reviews the canine olfactory system in its’ entirety and then instructs the student in the chemistry of neurological, olfactory sensory neuron synaptic potentiation, as set forth by chemoreceptors and the chemical gases they receive.  A focus point is made on the genetic structure of the OSN and the receptor protein formation, as well as the dimer principles of chemoreceptor function.


CANI 502       Chromatography

This science course teaches the student the gas chromatography involved in gas behaviors of odors (human, narcotic, explosives, human decay, accelerants, and more): focuses include displacement, affinity, pyrolysis chromatography,


CANI 503       Human Scent Chemistry (volatile organic compounds)

This course concentrates the student’s attention to the precise chemical analysis for human scent composition.  The Volatile Organic Compounds, which play the essential role in communication of olfactory detection, are explored, as they relate to human composition and gasses that emit from the sources. 


CANI 504       Behavioral Neurobiology II

This science course follows behavioral neurobiology I.  The program instructs students in the concepts of depolarization of neurons, potentiation, synaptic structure, amygdalae nuclei and the respective function of fear, hippocampal nuclei and the support of memory storage, and the direct function of adrenaline, dopamine, serotonin, and glutamate. The student will be clearly driven by challenges of visual content and research of topics.


CANI 505       Advanced Protection and Apprehension Methods

This course teaches the advanced methods of training a canine for the leadership role of protection and apprehension.  The methods instructed are carefully managed, as a singular portion of a large conglomerate of behavioral triggers from the canine, decoy, and handler.  This course utilizes real life scenarios and examples in the formation of training plans and methods of instruction that concentrate the student on the ability of greatly assuring control, accuracy, and confident capability in all patrol situations or protection modes (for private usage).  The primary focus is on realistic environments and strategic planning.


CANI 506       Canine Anatomy and Physiology

The London Hanover University School of Veterinary Sciences instructs this class.  The class exposes the student to the biological anatomy of the canine species, including: neurology, endocrinology, vascular, skeletal, and more.  The primary focuses are on the structure of the head and the respiratory tract.


CANI 507       Behavioral Endocrinology II

This class follows Behavioral Endocrinology I.  This course teaches the student the primary function of neuroendocrinology and the specific effects of the endocrine system on the behavioral nuclei of the thalamus and pituitary glands.  A strong focus is placed on the neuroendocrine integration and the effect the integration plays in memory aesthetics, learned behaviors, motor operators, and drives.


CANI 508       Instruction Strategies for Teaching Adult Students

This class is an essential element of any teacher or instructor. The course teaches students the exceptional strategies, found through all major universities, for instructing adult learners.  The focus is on strategies, which are alternately and interchangeable.  The course allows the student the opportunity to utilize the strategies and modifies the need, based upon essential necessities, reporting the findings and establishing a model for the student’s future teaching.


CANI 509       Pedagogy: Methods for Teachers of Animal Courses

This course is often taken concurrently with CANI 509.  The course utilizes anthrozoological principals to combine the human student with canine animals, in operative instruction, resulting in a teaching model, which is both successful and capable of modifying itself to the benefit of the student and teacher.


CANI 510       Graduate Research Methodology

This class is designated for students who plan to conduct considerable research beyond their degree award.  This course creates a master method of utilizing technology, specialty resources, university laboratories and departments, and expert journals in the development of a research model that can lead to repeated success throughout the career of the researcher.


CANI 511       Canine Development for Hearing Impaired

A graduate level course, this course requires a prerequisite of Advanced Canine Assistance II. This course concentrates on the selection, imprintation, development, and techniques for training a canine to assist owners with severe, hearing difficulty or complete loss. The course focuses on both the training methods for specific, required need and the education of the owner.


CANI 512       Canine Development for Assistance for Sight Impaired 

A graduate level course, this course requires a prerequisite of Advanced Canine Assistance II.  This course focuses on the training for dogs in assistance for humans who are blind or severely limited in vision.  One of the most difficult fields of all canine training, assistance for sight impaired requires a careful intelligence, dedication, and capability of lifestyle which provides the adequacy for successful development of a canine for this field.  This class teaches students the required training plan, strategies, and models for properly training the alerts, shifts, movements, etc.  The areas of training are implemented in week one. The focus is placed on the trainer methods of instructing the owner, handling education.


CANI 515       Organizational Management

The London Hanover University department of organizational management instructs this class. This program instructs students in the development of an operational model for a successful organization.  The concepts of management, legal association and representation are urged.  The critical areas of necessity are surveyed while the function of mentorship leading is the platform for the program.  The balance of accounting measures and the coaching of personnel is an essential structure of this class.


CANI 518       Contract Protocol

The London Hanover University School of Law instructs this course. The program teaches students the structure and legal necessities for contracts. The student will explore the contact exchange practices, which are often wrongly enforced and  failed. Replacing the common exchange with a universal contract model lends itself to stronger contract binding. The course allows student to write, evaluate, and restructure multiple contracts.


CANI 530       Grant Writing

This course instructs students in the professional services of grant writing for funding.  The program covers researching grants, applications, and grant writing methodology. Students search for and complete a grant application for a real source in which they may acceptably utilize.


CANI 531       Canine Neuroanatomy

The London Hanover School of Medicine teaches this course, through the department of neurobiology and anatomy. This course explores and defines the canine Neuroanatomy.  The course is divided into three core platforms: motor system, sensory, and limbic.


CANI 540       Canine Policy Procedure Protocol

This class teaches the student the precise structure of policy and procedure development, as it relates to liability, function, command, supervision, and operation.  The class investigates contracts from a critical thinking point of view, assisting the student with reviewing, adapting, modifying, and creating a policy and procedure for variable functions.  The student will focus on policy per the field in which the student works or is interested.


CANI 546       Advanced Internship

The advanced internship program is available for up to 3 credits as approved by the department.  The internship must be hosted by an approved source. The program events must documented by the host and journal recorded by the student. The length may not exceed 14 weeks. The minimum time required is 420 ours.  


CANI 579       Investigative Reporting

This class teaches the student the methods for critical thinking, investigation, and reporting.  The instruction includes: press, plagiarism, and critical reviews.  The legalities of investigative reporting are covered, alongside the molds for professionalism and central view, non-biased, recording.  A primary focus is placed on the investigator’s view being as a learner and not a critic.


CANI 567       Conflict Negotiations for Educators and Management

The London Hanover School of law instructs this course.  The class instructs students on the practices and strategies for conflict management.  The methodology focuses on assessment and negotiation as opposed to caucusing.


LEVEL 600


CANI 601       Advanced Explosives Scent Chemistry

This course concentrates on the specific chemical properties, emitting odorants, found within explosives and explosives components.  The focus is placed on the chemical picture of the explosive, as an odorant for a microsmatic species. The volatile organic compounds and inorganic compounds will be reviewed, as is the chemical engineering of the explosives.  This course does not teach a student how to make explosives. The course engages the student in the evaluation and exploration of explosives gasses, as an odorant a canine receives.


CANI 602       Graduate Canine Problem Solving

This course follows CANI 500.  This course assists the student with a required behavioral composition; instituted and drawn by the student, as a portfolio of canine problem solving, learned techniques, skills, methods, tactics, tools, and flexibility of combinations, all centered around the concepts of timing and value memory.  As a significant part of the composition, the student will be assisted in the inclusion of handler instruction and behavioral modification, as related to the problem solving.


LAW 612        Expert Court Representation and Preparation

This course prepares a student for the court representation as an expert in the field, per the degree level.  The course reviews the fundamentals of court testimony and expert qualification, followed by the concentration of skills and ability of teaching while testifying.  The class is instructed by the London Hanover University School of Law and is developed for the focus of the degree of the student. Topics instructed and developed are: case review, fee structure, case investigation, research, formatting for testimony, written opinion, meetings, court appearance, court testimony, and final review. The student will explore the expert testimony within the specialty and have an opportunity to participate in the model.


CANI 640       Graduate Thesis

This is the final submission for the M.Sc. Degree. The first 7 weeks of the class will focus the student upon the researchlan, scientific method, research design, and time schedule, as assisted by the advisor. Following, the student will have 12 months total to complete the acceptable, final submission.  Students who cannot complete the submission within the 12 month period will be required to retake CANI 640 with a new, approved research.


(PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION COURSES)

Students of Animal Behavior have the option of implementing Public Administration courses into their degree curriculum as either electives, a degree minor (15 credit hour minimum), or a degree major for a dual degree.

Minor:  Students seeking the Public Administration minor should earn a minimum of 15 credit hours ( 5 courses) to qualify for the minor which is confirmed and included on the degree transcripts/diploma earned.

Dual Degree Major:  Student seeking a dual degree of Animal Behavior and Public Administration (awarding of two degrees), should earn a minimum of 39 credit hours in both the Animal Science major AND Public Administration.  The degrees earned will both meet requirements for and awarded as Bachelor of Arts.

Bachelor of Science majors in Animal Behavior (59 hours) may also earn a Bachelor of Arts in Public Administration providing the student has earned (59) credit hours of Animal Science and (39) credit hours of Public Administration.

 

All courses earn (3) credit hours.

PA 200           Public Policy Administration

Local, state, federal, and international relations are functional extensions of public administration and the specific communications involved within those relations are built upon understanding a policy and the implementation of that policy.  This course is both an overview and functional guide for policy implementation and action for administration.

 

PA 205           Politics of Public Policy

This program investigates and invigorates the choice decisions of administrations, as they directly relate to public policy.  Political inquiry and mutual mediation, crossing party lines and merging opinions, are considered in the outcome of the functional and lasting policy.

 

PA 214           Public Opinion

This course investigates the source, methodology, consideration of entity, and polls to gather resources and evidence in assisting an informed policy or action, which affects the public.  

 

PA 303           Media Relations for Public Administrators

Media relations is one of the most important aspects of administration but is highly avoided by administrators.  This course instructs the function or media relations and teaches the most valuable functions of relations through media.

 

PA 328           Conflict Negotiations

This course is a functional concept course, whereby the student is taught the correct philosophy of and actions of conflict negotiations for mediation.  The student will be allowed to specifically utilize the instruction in everyday life to test and craft the usage.

 

PA 369           Population and Public Policy 

This course is recommended to follow introduction to statistics.  This program implements statistical avenues to set up the population differences between areas and how those specific populaces add value to and benefit from public policy.

 

PA 402           Introduction to Statistics

As an easy to understand and usable introductory course on statistics for public administration, this course allows the student to learn the methods of statistical understanding and then research and develop statistical policy development for a variety of local usages. 

 

PA 419           Introduction to Policy Analysis 

This program is designed to teach the student how to specifically evaluate policies, as they relate and affect the public.  The student learns the concept of policy change: when to change, how to change, how to implement the new changes to action, and how to maximize or minimize the effects on the public.

 

PA 436           Introduction to Deductive Logic 

This program teaches the basis for logical decision-making.  It covers the science and philosophy of logic and reasoning.  The student learns the structural basis for deduction and when to specifically utilize logic in decision making.  Students will practice deductive reasoning exercises during the course.

 

PA 451           Leadership in Organizations 

Organizations are a plethora of functions.  Leadership within organizations is a difficult and taxing mechanism.  Senior leadership within organizations inherits an often-extreme level of stress and the ability of negotiation, self-management, and careful delegation if crucial for success.  This course is designed to serve as an instruction method for the implementation of these functions.

 

PA 467           The Pragmatics of Leadership: Leading Change

All managers assume they are good leaders.  The majority is not.  Most managers have attended or taken leadership courses and left with a sense that they are indeed great leaders.  Again, most are not.  What is missing?  Leadership is not about ones self view.  Leadership is about the subordinate’s view of the leader.  Often what a subordinate speaks is not what is thought.  Leadership should be long lasting in memory of subordinates.

This course focuses the student upon three types of leadership methodologies and teaches the student how to integrate all three within the leadership style of the individual.

 

PA 488           Introduction to International Relations

The worldview is broad.  The world economy is extensively broad.  The personal view of the world is essential to understanding leadership and communication with other leaders, in effort to form partnerships, negotiate problems, and to make lasting charges to ones own entity.  This course is designed as an overview of the international relations strategies.  

 

PA 490           Negotiation and Persuasion

This course scans the variable types of negotiation skills and techniques needed by administrators.  It further reaches to help the student understand the concepts of persuasion both positive and negative and how that persuasion may affect the all important outcome of both the policy, as well as, the position and reputation.tion